PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Acrolein (Propenal) - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.

Chemical Identification and Use for Acrolein (Propenal)

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Acrolein (Propenal)
CAS Number: 107-02-8
U.S. EPA PC Code: 000701
CA DPR Chem Code: 3
Molecular Weight: 56.06
Use Type: Algaecide , Fumigant
Chem Class: Aldehyde
View Related Chemicals
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Right of Way   Aquatic Area   Landscape   Irrigation Systems  
View All Crops and Sites
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
00003 (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , 000701 [US EPA PC Code, Text ] , 107-02-8 (CAS number) , 107028 , 107028 (CAS number without hyphens) , 2-Propen-1-one , 2-Propenal , 3 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , 701 [US EPA PC Code, Numeric ] , Acquinite , Acrokin 2-Propenal or Acryladehyde , Acrolein , Acrolein (Propenal) , Acroleina , AcroleinPropenal , Acrylaldehyde , Acrylic aldehyde , Allyl aldehyde , Aqualin , Crolean , Magnacide H , NSC 8819 , Prop-2-en-1-al
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products

Signs and Symptoms of Acrolein (Propenal) Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Symptoms of Acrolein (Propenal) Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  

Route of Exposure


First Aid

Inhalation Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Symptoms may be delayed (see Notes). Fresh air rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Redness. Skin burns. Pain. Blisters. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Burning sensation in the throat and chest. Convulsions. Nausea. Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her should be considered. An added stabilizer or inhibitor can influence the toxicological properties of this substance consult an expert. The odour warning when the exposure limit value is exceeded is insufficient. Check for peroxides prior to distillation; render harmless if positive.

Toxicity Information for Acrolein (Propenal)

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Unclassifiable No Potential
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
Acrolein (Propenal)
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Ib, Highly Hazardous
Not Listed
Not Available
Highly Toxic
Moderately to Highly Toxic

2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
Cancer Information
Acrolein (Propenal)
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
3, Unclassifiable
Not Listed
Not Listed
Unclassifiable, inadequate data
Not Listed
Endocrine Disruption
Acrolein (Propenal)
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Acrolein (Propenal)
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Chemicals of Special Concern
Acrolein (Propenal)
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Not Listed

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Acrolein (Propenal)

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Potential
Physical Property Data Related to Water Contamination Potential
Water Solubility (Avg, mg/L)
Adsorption Coefficient (Koc)
Hydrolysis Half-life (Avg, Days)
Aerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
Anaerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)

Water Standards and Criteria

U.S. National Water Quality Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure 3.00  
Fresh Water Quality Criteria Maximum Peak 3.00  
Salt Water Quality Criteria Continuous Exposure
Salt Water Quality Criteria Max
Human Consumption of Organisms from Water Source 9.00 Notes: ll
Human Consumption of Water and Organisms from Water Source 6.00 Notes: ll
Taste and Odor Criteria

Regulatory Information for Acrolein (Propenal)

International Regulatory Status

UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant

Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesticide

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
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Ecotoxicity for Acrolein (Propenal)

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Mortality, Population
Annelida Behavior, Mortality
AquaticPlants Injury, Mortality, Population
Crustaceans Accumulation, Biochemistry, Mortality, Population
Fish Accumulation, Avoidance, Biochemistry, Growth, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Physiology
Insects Avoidance, Mortality
Molluscs Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, Population, Reproduction
NematodesandFlatworms Mortality
Phytoplankton Injury, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Intoxication, Mortality, Population, Reproduction
~ Un-Assigned Behavior, Mortality, Population
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Very Highly Toxic Very Highly Toxic
Crustaceans Moderately Toxic Moderate Toxicity
Fish Highly Toxic High to Very High Toxicity
Insects Moderately Toxic Moderate to High Toxicity
Molluscs Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
Zooplankton Highly Toxic Highly Toxic
View All Acute Summaries

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity
Organism Group Chronic Toxicity  

Related Chemicals for Acrolein (Propenal)

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
107-02-8 Parent P Acrolein (Propenal) View View View Algaecide, Fumigant Yes Yes
5221-17-0 Related 2 2,3-Dibromopropionaldehyde View View View No Not Listed
4170-30-3 Related 2 2-Butenal View View View Herbicide No Yes
869-29-4 Related 2 Diacetoxy propene View View View Herbicide No Not Listed
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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